It’s impossible to completely prevent our teeth from accumulating tiny particles of food throughout the day. Bacteria collect on the surface of our teeth and feed on those food particles. The bacteria generate waste products that irritate and damage gums. Because of this ongoing collection of bacteria, daily brushing and flossing are essential to the health of the teeth and gums. Without regular, consistent flossing and brushing, gingivitis sets in and gums become inflamed and sore. They bleed easily, becoming even more susceptible to infection. At this point, periodontitis can strike.
Gingivitis results from a lack of regular brushing and flossing. It causes swelling and reddening of the gums, as well as easy bleeding from the gums. When gingivitis doesn’t get treated, periodontitis starts. Periodontitis causes the gums to recede, forming pockets of bacteria around the tooth roots that fill with infection and pus. Tooth loss and damage to the jawbone follows.
Periodontal therapy treats and reverses the progression of gingivitis and periodontitis. It’s carried out by scaling and root planning, in which a dentist removes built-up plaque and tartar with a dental scaler. Scaling goes beneath the gumline and eliminates toxin and bacteria-laden deposits.
Other than a person’s dental habits, diabetes is the number one cofactor for periodontitis. The second is smoking. Chronic dry mouth (xerostomia) is also a big risk factor, as well as stress and poor nutrition. If you have one or more of these conditions, you’re at high risk for periodontitis. High risk means not only will you likely develop gum disease, but it will also progress faster and be worse than it might be for others.
You’ve got an expert orthodontal team right next door at Villagio Family Dental, in Katy, Texas. The next time you’re looking for a dentist near you in Katy, Texas, book an appointment with us online!